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What is the difference between server motherboard and common motherboard

上传时间:2021-06-01| 作者:芯杰英电子

What is the difference between server motherboard and ordinary motherboard


What is an industrial control server?


First, let's look at how a professional server is defined: an industrial control server is a high-performance computer, as a network node, storing and processing 80% of the data and information on the network, so it is also called the soul of the network.


It can also be said that an industrial control server refers to a computer software that manages resources and provides users with services. It is usually divided into file servers, database servers, and application servers. The industrial computer or industrial computer operating system that runs the above software is also called an industrial control server.


Relative to ordinary PCs, servers demand higher in terms of stability, security, performance, etc. Therefore, hardware such as CPU, chipset, memory, disk system, and network is different from ordinary computers. In terms of quality and processor Data performance is better.


Suppose you think it’s not easy to understand what the above professional descriptions of industrial control servers are. It’s okay. Let me introduce you in a superficial way. Simply put, the functions of the server and the computer are the same. We can also call the server an industrial control computer. Only servers have higher requirements for stability and security and processor data.



Industrial computer motherboard


For example, we read a website every day and find that this website can be accessed 24 hours a day. Why? The reason is that the website server cannot be closed. It needs to be operated stably for a long time, and it has to be visited by many people at the same time. Therefore, the industrial control server is stable. , Quality and performance are more demanding than ordinary computers.


For example, it’s okay for our industrial computer to assume that it is not turned off all year round. Ordinary computers may easily break if it is not turned off all year round, but for personal computers, it is impossible to do so. Therefore, the design of computer hardware requires that it is lower than that of servers. less.


Therefore, we can understand it this way. In fact, a server is a computer that is more advanced than our ordinary computer. It has a higher standard of workmanship in various hardware. The internal hardware of the server is the same as an ordinary computer. It is composed of industrial computer CPU, memory, and industrial motherboard. , Graphics cards, hard drives, etc. However, it should be noted that because servers tend to be capable of processing data, many server motherboards can be equipped with multiple processors, multiple memories, and more hard drives. Therefore, look at industrial motherboards, Industrial control cabinets are relatively large, and the final server is not very important in terms of display performance. Many servers do not require industrial displays, but remote management is enough. Therefore, ordinary servers use integrated graphics.



Industrial Control Server Motherboard


What is the difference between server motherboard and ordinary motherboard?


First, server motherboards generally support at least two industrial computer CPUs-different chipsets (usually dual-socket servers, single-socket servers sometimes use desktop motherboards). Second, almost any part of the server supports ECC, such as memory, processor, and chipset (but high-end desktops also start to support ECC).


Second, what are the characteristics of the server motherboard?


What are the features of industrial control servers? Ordinary home PC motherboards require more performance and functionality, while server motherboards are industrial motherboards developed specifically to meet server applications (high stability, high performance, and high compatibility environment). Due to the server's high operating time, high operating intensity, and huge amount of data conversion, power consumption, and I/O throughput, the requirements for server motherboards are quite strict.


(Dongtian Industrial Control Main Board)



Dongtian Industrial Control Motherboard


Third, most of the 4U industrial control servers are redundant. High-end servers are even redundant with CPU and memory. On mid-range servers, the redundancy of hard disks and power supplies is very common, but low-end servers often do. It is a modification of the desktop, but it also chooses a first-line power supply.


Fourth, because the network load of the server is relatively large, the network card of the server is generally a network card that uses the TCP/IP offload engine, which has high efficiency, fast speed, and small CPU usage. However, high-end desktop computers are also beginning to use high-end network cards. Dual network cards.


Fifth, in terms of hard disks, many and more and more servers will use SAS/SCSI instead of SATA.

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